The Hewlett-Packard Company is a multinational IT company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, that developed and produces a wide variety of technology products, but is probably best known for their Inkjet and Laserjet printers.
The company was famously founded in a garage in Palo Alto in 1938 by Bill Hewlett and David Packard. The garage is now a museum and historic landmark and considered the birthplace of silicon valley. In their first decades of business they worked on a variety of projects but were first profitable making audio oscillators, some of which were bought by Walt Disney Studios and were used in the making of "Fantasia". During World War 2, HP worked on anti-radar technology, artillery shell fuzes, audio oscillators, wave analyzers, distortion analyzers, vacuum tube voltmeters and various other projects.
In the 1960s Hewlett Packard started developing semiconductor devices like instruments and calculators, and partnered with Sony to develop products in Japan. HP entered the computer market in 1966 with the HP 2100 / HP 1000 series of minicomputers which were produced for 20 years, and were the forerunners of the HP 9800 and HP 250 series of desktop and business computers. HP is identified by Wired magazine as the producer of the world's first device to be called a personal computer: the Hewlett-Packard 9100A, introduced in 1968.
In the 70's HP continued innovating in the space of calculators and personal computers. In 1972 they introduced the world's first handheld scientific electronic calculator, the first handheld programmable in 1974, the first alphanumeric, programmable, expandable calculator in 1979, and the first symbolic and graphing calculator, the HP-28C. Like their scientific and business calculators, their oscilloscopes, logic analyzers, and other measurement devices are known to be durable and user-friendly, as evidenced by their design philosophy "design for the guy at the next bench".
In 1984, HP introduced both inkjet and laser printers for the desktop, the products they are best known for today. In addition to its scanner product line, these have later been developed into successful multifunction printers, scanners, copiers, and fax machines. The print mechanisms are almost entirely supplied by Canon Inc. components (print engines), which use technology developed by Xerox. HP develops the hardware, firmware, and software to convert data into dots for printing. The HP.com domain name was registered on March 3, 1986, making it the ninth domain ever registered on the World Wide Web, further cementing the company as a leader in silicon valley.
Since the 80's Hewlett Packard has continued to be front runners in the tech space, with their lines of home computers, laptops and workstations. However their focus continues to be on their amazing lines of home and business printers and scanners.